What makes one type of mineral more valuable, and why are gemstones so precious? Firstly, we need to state that the term "gemstone" in the strict geological science sense is used to define a mineral crystal. A mineral has to be a solid chemical compound, with a crystal lattice structure. Gemstones can be either natural or synthetic, and to be considered as precious, they have to be exceedingly rare. Diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds are precious stones.
Omani Jewelry works with a lot of Israeli artisans that utilize a bevy of jewelry making techniques to create unique and fantastic designs. On this week's post, we would like to share some of our knowledge straight from artisans and lapidarists- a person that works with gems and stones, on what processes they use, and how some of your favorite designs are created.
For such a small country, Israel is an economic powerhouse. Dubbed as a Start-Up Nation, Israel is lauded as a place wherein traits like innovation, creativity, and persistence is so commonly held by the population, that there must be something in the Dead Sea water. How did Israel become a paradise for creators and artists alike?
Believe it or not, jewelry is our first and oldest form of self-expression. Beads carved from shells, made by early humans from 90,000 years ago were found around Skhul Cave on the slopes of Mount Carmel in Israel and in Oued Djebbana, Algeria. Paleontologists believe that our ancestors reserved jewelry for special occasions, and the privilege to wear them is only accorded to people that had a special function in society. Prehistoric jewelry were made with rare and beautiful materials such as gems like chlorite; a greenish type of stone, or bones from prized hunted animals, and then much later, with metal. These ancient jewelry are excellent findings for archaeologists and anthropologists as it gives us great insight on how early humans formed their society. The materials they worked with, along with the techniques they use, show their skill and craftsmanship, and the designs in their jewelry are evocative of what their culture was like.